By Dr. Adily Adib Khan: Every 8th march, we celebrate international Women’s Day, an immensely important day for humankind. Being a woman, it’s always challenging in our society where male dominates. Significant inequalities even exist in the 21th century. The way society and circumstances are challenging for woman, the oral health hygiene should come under the serious matter of discussion. The following are the reasons why woman oral health is at high risk:
Changes in female hormone levels during puberty, menstruation, pregnancy and menopause exaggerate the way gums react to plaque.
During menstrual cycle, the progesterone hormone level fluctuates. This might cause swollen gums, redness and even bleeding from gums so called gingivitis.
During pregnancy, the same hormone factor comes into play deteriorating the oral health condition.
Pregnancy is the phase of obesity for most of the woman. High dietary supplies are taken during the pregnancy but it is seen that most of the woman couldn’t cleanse the oral cavities as per expectation. So, it’s normal that the dental problems increase.
Following complications may arise during menstrual and pregnancy period for women
: Severe gum disease (gingivitis)
: Loosing of tooth
: Wearing of tooth enamel due to acid regurgitation and vomiting tendencies.
: Use of birth control pills seems to affect gums.
What precautions to be taken?
Regular dental checkup
Treatment if required only at the 2nd trimester of pregnancy to avoid risk.
Oral medicines and antibiotics are to be avoided as far as possible.
Better to visit dentist after menstrual cycle completes until it’s not emergency.
Regular brushing, flossing.
Each time you smile, you benefit your health and happiness.