Dhaka – Bangladesh’s High Court on Tuesday directed the government to announce the phrase “Joy Bangla” as the national slogan, which was historically used during the country’s 1971 war of liberation against Pakistan.
The High Court bench of Justice FRM Nazmul Ahasan and Justice KM Kamrul Kader passed the order settling a writ petition filed two years ago, seeking this direction.
“We are declaring that Joy Bangla would be the national slogan of Bangladesh,” ruled the court.
It also asked the authorities concerned to take appropriate measures to ensure that the constitutional office-bearers and all state officials use the slogan on all national days and in appropriate cases at the end of their speeches in state programmes.
Lawyer Bashir Ahmed appeared for the petitioners in the court while Attorney General Mahbubey Alam and Deputy Attorney General Abdullah-Al-Mahmud Bashar represented the state.
“The government must take appropriate measures to ensure that the students of all educational institutions use the Joy Bangla slogan at the end of assemblies,” reads the court order.
This article is about the origin of the slogan and war cry of the Mukti Bahini. For Ravi Shankar’s extended play, see Joi Bangla.
The phrase Joy Bangla (in Bengali alphabet জয় বাংলা, “Victory of Bengal” or “Hail Bengal” as translates into English) was taken from a poem, “Pūrṇa Abhinandan” by Bangladesh’s national poet Kazi Nazrul Islam.
“জয় বাংলা”র পূর্ণচন্দ্র, জয় জয় আদি অন্তরীণ,
জয় যুগে যুগে আসা সেনাপতি, জয় প্রাণ অন্তহীন”…
The phrase is being used to indicate nationalism towards the geopolitical, cultural and historical region of Bengal. The slogan first used in the 11-point charter put by the Sarbadaliya Chhatra Sangram Parishad (All Party Student Struggle Council) on January 4, 1969.
The cheers of Joy Bangla came when student council conferred Sheikh Mujibur Rahman with the title “Bangabandhu” at a rally on January 22 at the Race Course Ground in Dhaka to honour him after his release from jail as he was arrested in a conspiracy case.
The slogan turned to be popular as Bangabandhu concludes his historic March 7 speech by saying “Joy Bangla” and the entire nation used it during the nine-month war against Pakistan to liberate the country. The declaration of Bangladesh’s independence also included the phrase, and that continued after the victory was achieved in the war.
The slogan was replaced by Bangladesh Jindabad (Long Live Bangladesh) by Khandaker Mustaque Ahmed after the assassination of Bangabandhu Sheikh Mujibur Rahman more in line with the Pakistani slogan like that of (Pakitan Jindabad).
The ruling Awami League party upheld it, and continued as its party slogan as of now.