Science desk – A team of six people have completed a Mars simulation programme in Hawaii, where they lived in near isolation for a year, according to BBC.
The group lived in close quarters in a dome, without fresh air, fresh food or privacy since 29 August 2015.
Experts estimate that a human mission to the Red Planet could take between one and three years.
The NASA-funded study run by the University of Hawaii is the longest of its kind since a Russian mission that lasted 520 days.
Having survived a year in isolation, the crew members said they were confident a mission to Mars could succeed.
“I can give you my personal impression which is that a mission to Mars in the close future is realistic,” Cyprien Verseux, a crew member from France, told journalists.
“I think the technological and psychological obstacles can be overcome.”
But mission commander Carmel Johnston said the lack of privacy over the past year had been difficult.
“It is kind of like having roommates that just are always there and you can never escape them so I’m sure some people can imagine what that is like and if you can’t then just imagine never being able to get away from anybody,” she said.
Tristan Bassingthwaighte, a doctor of architecture at the University of Hawaii, praised research done into the human element of space travel.
“The research going on up here is just super vital when it comes to picking crews, figuring out how people are going to actually work on different kinds of missions, and sort of the human factors element of space travel, colonisation, whatever it is you are actually looking at,” he said.
The team consisted of a French astro-biologist, a German physicist and four Americans – a pilot, an architect, a journalist and a soil scientist.
Whilst conducting research, the six had to live with limited resources, wear a space-suit when outside the dome, and work to avoid personal conflicts.
They each had a small sleeping cot and a desk inside their rooms. Provisions included powdered cheese and canned tuna.